St. Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve contains 19 known archaeological and historical sites, dating from prehistoric times to the 20th century. Indigenous Americans have harvested food, manufactured tools, and lived, at least seasonally, on sites near the bay for 12,000 years. One of the most significant shell-tool manufacture sites in the region is located on buffer preserve lands. St Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve lands provide the opportunity for natural resource-based recreation. There are four access points to multi-use trails system in the form of sandy woods roads. The trails are available to hiking, biking, horseback riding, bird watching, photography and nature study. Dogs on leashes are welcome. A kayak launch may be found on Cape San Blas. Make sure to bring plenty of water, and remember cell phone reception is spotty. Some roads may be seasonally flooded, and biting insects may be numerous in the warmer months. Preserve lands are open to the public from sunrise until sunset daily.